MBBS in Moldova
Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe. It is a landlocked country bordered by Romania in the west and Ukraine to its north, east and south. The beautiful country of Moldova is officially known as the Republic of Moldova. Chisinau, the capital city of Moldova is also the largest city in the country. The country of “Moldova” got its name after its very beautiful valley of the “Moldova River” which has served as the political centre during the Principality of Moldova Foundation in the year 1959. The origin from where the valley derived its name still remains unknown.
In the early 1990s, during the foundation years of the foundation of Commonwealth of Independent States, the Republic of Moldova also called “Moldovia” but for a short span of time. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the country began to use its Romanian name “Moldova”. The United Nations gave the country its current official name i.e. The Republic of Moldova”. Right after the independence was achieved, the country’s foreign policy was designed and designated to establish relations with the European Union. It was in 1995, that the country was admitted to the Council of Europe. The Republic of Moldova is a member country of various worldly organizations namely United Nations, the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Francophonie and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program.
The Republic of Moldova is divided into three municipalities and 2 autonomous regions including 32 districts. The two autonomous regions are Gagauzia and Transnistria out of which Transnistria is a disputed land since the Central Government has no hold over this region. The two autonomous regions having administrative seats also have municipality status which includes the 10 other cities. There are 66 towns in the Republic of Moldova which includes 13 municipality status and 916 communes. 700 villages of Moldova are too small to have an independent and separate administration. Thus, these are either part of some cities or communes. Chisinau, the largest city of the Republic of Moldova has an average population of 635,994 people.
Moldova stretches to a total area of 33,851kms. The country’s largest part lies between two rivers. Moldova is formed by river Prut in the west and joins Daunbe first and then the Black Sea. The landlocked country of Moldova is close to the Black Sea. The country is mostly hilly with elevations that have not exceeded above 430 m (1,411 ft). B?l?ne?ti Hill is the highest point in the country. Moldovian hills are the part of Moldovian Plateau and these have geographically originated from the Carpathian Mountains. The mountainous subdivision of the terrain in the country include Dniester Hills, the Central Moldavian Plateau and the Moldavian Plain. To the south of the country is a small flatland of the Bugeac plain. Chisinau, the capital city of Moldova in the centre, Tiraspol in the eastern region, Balti in the northern part and Bender in the south-east are the main cities of the Republic of Moldova. Comrat city is the administrative centre of the autonomous region of Gagauzia.
The country of Moldova experiences a moderately continental climate. The country’s adjacency with the Black Sea makes the season of autumn and winter relatively cold while the summer days are cool. The summers are long and warm and the average temperature during these days is around 20°C while the average winter temperature is -4°C making it a cold region with dry winters. Average precipitation during the year ranges from around 600mm in the northern region to around 400mm in the south. Heavy rainfall occurs during the time of early summers while the month of October is the time for heavy shower and thunderstorm. Heavy rainfall often results in erosion and slitting the rivers as the country’s geography shows irregular terrain.
The highest temperature in Moldova was recorded in the year 2007 in the city of Camenca which was as high as 41.5°C and the lowest was recorded in the year 1963 in the month of January. It went as low as ?35.5 °C in Br?tu?eni.
Railway system forms the main means of transport system in Moldova along with the highway system. The Chisinau International Airport in the capital city of Chisinau is the only airport in the country and connects to all major countries of the world. As known to the fact that the Republic of Moldova lies between the two rivers, water transport also plays a major role in the transport system of the country.
The natives of Moldova are called the Moldovans or Moldavians and form the largest part of the country’s ethnic group. The term Moldavian is largely used to refer to the inhabitants of the early Moldova which was divided into Romania, Ukraine and Moldova regardless of the ethnic identity they belong to.
It was in the year 1991 when Romanian was declared as the official language of Moldova. In 1994, the Constitution declared it as the national language of the country whose writing script is based on the Latin alphabet.
According to the census survey conducted in 2004, 93.3% of the Orthodox Christians constitute to the population of Moldova, Protestant constitute to more than 2% of the population, 0.9% of the community belongs to the other religions, 1% belong to the non-religious group, atheist contribute to 0.4% of the population and 2.2% of the population did not give any answer during the census survey.
The Republic of Moldova has 31 institutions for higher education out of which 16 are state governed and 15 are private institutions. A total of 1,26,100 students are enrolled in these institutions. These include 1,04,300 students enrolled in state institutions and remaining 21,700 enrolled in private institutions.
The National University of Moldova was founded as early as 1832. The Moldova State University and the Academy of Sciences of Moldova are the two main scientific organizations in Moldova and these were established in 1946.
Romania allocates scholarships to the students studying in high schools and Moldovian universities. As per the census available till 2015, Romania has allocated 5000 scholarships to such students. More than half of pre-school, kindergarten programs and equipments in Moldova are funded by Romania. Moldova depicted a high literacy rate of 99.4% as per the estimates of the year 2015.