Located on the north-western coast of European island, is the sovereign country of United Kingdom, commonly known as UK. It includes the island of Great Britain, north eastern part of the island of Ireland and many small islands. United Kingdom shares its land border with the Republic of Ireland and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, North Sea to the east and English Channel to the south and Celtic Sea to the south-west thereby giving the world’s 12th longest coastline.
United Kingdom consists of 4 constituent countries namely the England with London as its capital, Scotland with Edinburgh as its capital, Whales with Cardiff as its capital and Northern Ireland with Belfast as its capital. The countries have their own devolved governments each having varying powers but such powers is delegated by the Parliament of United Kingdom. The Parliament of United Kingdom may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution.
The country’s development constitutes to the world sixth largest economy by normal GDP and ninth largest by purchasing power parity. UK has a high income economy with very high Human Development Index rating, raking at the 14th position in the world.
United Kingdom is spread to an area of approximately 2,44,820 square kilometres. England accounts to over half of the total area of UK while Scotland accounts for about one-third of the country’s geography. England mostly consists of the lowland terrain while Scotland has the most mountainous topography including nearly 800 islands. Wales constitute to one tenth of the country’s area and is mostly mountainous. The North Channel and the Irish Sea separates Northern Island from the Northern Ireland.
Most of the areas in United Kingdom experience temperate climate with generally cool climate and plenty of rainfall all the year round. The temperature varies with the change is seasons and often falls below -20°C and as high as 35°C. Parts of Whales including some parts of England, Northern Ireland as well as most of Scotland that is away from the coast experience sub-polar oceanic climate. High elevated areas of Scotland have continental subarctic climate. The winds from the south west bear mild and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean. Gulf streams prevailing with the Atlantic currents bring in mild winters especially in the western part where they are mostly wet. Summers are warm in south-east England since they are closest to the European mainland. Heavy snowfall can be administered in winter and early springs.
Apart from the road and rail networks, London is a major destination for air network as well. It has 3 airports- London Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport and London Stansted Airport. All of these airports are well connected and serve welcome international flights. London Heathrow Airport is located to 15 miles to the west of the capital and has most international traffic than any other airports of the world. It is also the hub for the UK flag carrier British Airways, as well as Virgin Atlantic.
Studying in the country that has world’s sixth largest economy and gives an excellent quality of education is always a choice for most of the students. But applying for UK admissions is not as easy as it seems. There is a huge competition among students from all parts of the globe applying to get admission into the most premium institutions. Looking at the future prospects, studying in UK can be fruitful for Indian students. It is one of the oldest and preferred destinations for studies among Indian students. Students willing to take up professional courses like the study of medicine consider MBBS in UK as the top most choice. If is extremely difficult for British citizens to get through the admission process of UK and so is for international students including the Indian medical aspirants.
MCI approved Universities in UK
1. Queen Mary University of London, UK: The University of Queen Mary, based in London, is a constituent college of the federal University of London and a renowned public research university. Its history dates long back to 1785 to the foundation of London Hospital Medical College. The college got its name after Mary of Teck who got admitted to the University of London in 1915 and in the year 1989, it merged with the College of Westfield to form Queen Mary and Westfield College. Queen Mary College and Westfield College merged with St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College and the London Hospital Medical College to form the School of Medicine and Dentistry in the year 1995.
Queen Mary College has 5 campuses across Central and East London and these are in Mile End, Whitechapel, Charterhouse Square, Lincoln’s Inn Fields and Smithfield. The college also has international presence in countries like China, France, Greece and Malta. Queen Mary University has 3 major faculty departments
• Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
• Faculty of Science and Engineering and Barts
• The London School of Medicine and Dentistry
The university had enrolled over 26,000 students in the year 2018-2019. Queen Mary University is one major centre for medical teaching and research and also part of UCL Partners, the world’s largest academic health science centre. Queen Mary runs its MBA programs at the University of London in Paris. The university had a turnover of of £459.5 million, including £106.5 million from research grants and contracts
The university is ranked ob 126th position as per the QS World University Rankings, ranked 110th in globally and 12th in the UK as per as per Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The U.S. News and World Report shows the university global position as 13th best university and the Academic Ranking of World Universities rank ranges from 151-200. This data shared is according to the reports of 2019. Queen Mary University has produced prominent alumni in various fields of work and study around the globe with several having notable leaders in their fields. The university has given 9 Nobel Prize winners amongst its alumni, current and former staff.
Queen Mary University ranks on the 32nd position in Britain in the year 2014 in terms of average UCAS points of entrants. The university offers admissions to 43.6% of its applicants, 12th lowest amongst the Russell group.
2. St. Georges University of London: Located on Tooting in South London, St. Georges University of London is officially known as St. Georges Medical School. It is a public research university, a premier medical institution and is a constituent college of the University of London. St. George’s originated early in 1733 and was the second institution in England to give formal training courses for doctors, the first being the University of Oxford. St. Gorges University is closely affiliated with the University of London, St. Georges Hospital and its associated hospitals.
Originally founded in 1733, St George Hospital Medical School was a part of St. George’s Hospital situated at Hyde Park Corner in Central London (now the site of The Lanesborough Hotel). The medical school was relocated in 1980 with St George Hospital in Tooting, South London. Together, the faculty of Kingston University, Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences increased a variety of allied healthcare courses being offered at St. George’s including Nursing, Physiotherapy, Paramedic Science and Radiography. It was the first institution in UK offering four year graduate entry Medicine degree based on the exchange program by Finders University. The first intake took place in 2000 with 35 students enrolling in the course and since then the university has been emulated by many other universities. Entry to this course is highly competitive and the students are required to sit for the GAMSAT as a part of application process. In 2008, St. George merged with Royal Holloway to form a single institution within the University of London.
St. George’s Hospital has a 1300 bedded major trauma centre. St. George’s University offers the foundation and undergraduate degree programs at the Tooting Campus in South London in streams of medical, biomedical and healthcare sciences which includes Biomedical Science BSc (Hons), Biomedical Science Foundation Degree, Healthcare Practice DipHE and BSc (Hons), Healthcare Practice Foundation Degree, Healthcare Science (Physiological Sciences) BSc (Hons), Medicine (four-year graduate stream) MBBS4, Medicine (five-year) MBBS5, and Medicine (six-year) MBBS6, Physician Associate Studies MSc. The international MBBS admissions started in 2012 in the university. It also offers numerous researches and taught postgraduate degree programs.
3. University of Glasgow: Founded in 1451 by Papal Bull and located in Glasgow, Scotland, the University of Glasgow is a public research university. It is among the Scotland’s ancient universities and fourth oldest university in the English speaking world. Along with the University of Aberdeen, University of Edinburgh and the St. Andrews, the university was the part of Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century. I the modern era, the university originally educated students from wealthy backgrounds. However, in the 19th century, it became the pioneer of British Higher Education by educating students from urban and commercial middle class. It served to prepare the students for professions like law, medicine, teaching, civil services etc. It trained students for careers in science and engineering though in small numbers. The institution’s annual income for the year 2017-2018 was £626.5 million out of which £ 180.8 million came from research grants and contracts. The University of Glasgow is also the member of Universitas 21, Russell group and the Guild of European Research- Intensive Universities. Since 1870, the university was located in the city’s High Street and its main campus located at Gilmorehill in the City’s West End. Universities other buildings are located elsewhere such as the Veterinary School in Bearsden, the Crichton Campus in Dumfries. Alumni or the former university staff member includes names like James Wilson (a founding father of US), engineer James Watt, philosopher and economist Adam Smith, philosopher Francis Hutcheson, 7 Nobel Prize winners and 3 British Prime ministers.
The university is spread over a few campuses with Gilmorehill in Hillhead being the main campus of the University of Glasgow. The university is among the top 10 income generators in UK with an average total income of over £450 million per year. The University ranking climbed from 59th overall in 2011 to 54th in the year 2012 and to the position on 51st in the year 2013 as per the QS World University Rankings. The University of Glasgow maintains its position of top 20 universities in the UK and 3rd in the Scotland for the placements of its graduates as given by recruiters from UK’s major companies. The university was ranked at 116th position among the universities all over the world as per SCImago Institutions Rankings in the year 2019.
As of 2016-2017, the university had an enrolment of 20,420 undergraduate and 8,195 postgraduate students. A large portion of almost about 40% of “Home Students” is enrolled in the University of Glasgow.
4. University of Leeds: A public research university based in Leeds in the West Yorkshire region of England was established in the year 1874 as the Yorkshire College of Science. It merged with the Leeds School of Medicine in the year 1884 and was renamed as Yorkshire College. In 1887, it became the part of the federal Victoria University by joining Owens College (which became University of Manchester) and University College of Liverpool. In the year 1904, a formal grant was issued to the University of Leeds by King Edward VII.
The University of Leeds ranked between 10th by the Times and Sunday Times and 14th by The Guardian; The Complete University Guide for the year 2017-2018. For the year 2019, the university ranked on 31st position in the Europe and on 93rd position in the QS World University Rankings. The university also topped to maintain its position among the top three universities in the UK and top 20 in the world for graduate employability as per the sources of QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2016.
The university has an enrolment of 33,300 students, the 5th largest university in the UK out of 167. Since 2006 till date, the University of Leeds has been ranked within the top 5 in the UK in terms of applications received every year. In the year 2017-2018, the university had an income of £706.2 million out of which £137.1 million came from research grants and contracts. Notable university alumni include names of eminent personalities like Sayeeda Warsi- the former co-chairperson of the Conservative Party, secretary of the State Jack Straw, Piers Sellers- the NASA astronaut and six Noble Prize winners.
The Leeds School of Medicine is one of the largest medical schools in Europe having over 250 medical students being trained every clinical year. It has the recruitment of over 1000 teaching faculty staff, research, administrative and technical staff.
The University of Leeds received over 50,000 applications for undergrad courses in the year 2016, thereby making it the 4th most popular university by volume of applications.
5. University of Liverpool: Located in the city of Liverpool, England and founded as a college in the year 1881, the University of Liverpool is a public university. It gained its royal charter in the year 1903 and was permitted to award the degrees to its students individually. The University of Liverpool is also known to be member of one of the six “red brick” civic universities. It is made of 3 faculties further organized into 35 departments and schools. The University of Liverpool is a founding member of Russell Group, N8 Group for research collaboration. The university management school is AACSB accredited.
The university’s alumni and former faculty includes around 10 Nobel Prize winners, CEO’s of Global Foundries, Tesco, Motorola, ARM Holdings and The Coca Cola Company. The university offers over 230 first degree courses across 103 subjects. This university was the first in the world to establish departments in oceanography, architecture, civic design and biochemistry at the Johnson Laboratories. The university became the 1st in UK to establish an independent university in China in the year 2006 and named it Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, making it the world's first Sino-British university. The University of Liverpool had a turnover of £ 543.9 million which includes £ 95.6 million from research grants and contracts. Grads from this university are styled with the post-nominal letters (stating a member of religious institute or fraternity) Lpool, to indicate the institution
6. University of New Castle Upon Tyne: A university that traces its origins to the School of Medicine and Surgery established in 1834 and to the College of Physical Science established in 1871, is the New Castle University. Formally known as University of Newcastle upon Tyne, the university is based in the North East of England and is a public research university. The 2 colleges from where the university came into being formed one division of the federal University of Durham with the Durham Colleges. The Newcastle colleges merged to the establishment of King’s college in 1937. Following an Act of Parliament in 1963, the King’s College became the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. University of Newcastle is also known to be member of one of the six “red brick” civic universities as well as the member of the Russell group which is an association of prestigious research intensive universities in UK. This university has got one of the largest EU research portfolios in the country. In 2017-18, the institution had an annual income of £495.7 million out of which £109.4 million came from research grants and contracts.
The 24 academic schools and 40 research institutes and centres spread across 3 faculties deliver the teaching and research portfolios of the university. The 3 faculty departments of the university are
• Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
• Faculty of Medical Sciences
• Faculty of Science, Agriculture and Engineering
The University offers more than 175 full time undergraduate degree programs with a wide range of subject areas together with approx 340 postgraduate taught and research programs in a wide range of disciplines. Currently, the University of Newcastle has been awarded a prestigious Gold in Teaching by the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) and is the only one of the 8 Russell Group universities to achieve the TEF rating. The University established its first overseas branch in Singapore, a Marine International campus called, NUMI Singapore, in September 2008. Later it expanded beyond Marine subjects to form the Newcastle University, Singapore.
The Medical School of Newcastle University established its campus in Malaysia and named it as Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed).
The Medical School of New Castle University was the first in Europe and 2nd in the world to receive the permission to conduct stem-cell research in human embryos.
7. University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales: The University of Wales, now known as the Cardiff University School of Medicine is one of the largest medical schools in United Kingdom. The university was founded in the year 1893 as a part of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. The medical school of Cardiff university is located in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. The university has an employment of nearly 500 academic and 300 support staff. Over 1000 undergraduate and 1100 postgraduate students are enrolled in the university in medical and scientific courses. The university’s annual financial turnover of over £50 million out of which nearly half comes from competitive external research funding. The medical school located at the University of Whales in Cardiff.
The medical school of Cardiff University when founded in 1893 had its department for Anatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology which were established at the University of South Wales and Monmouthshire.
The college was formally opened on 14th February 1894 at the College buildings in Dumfries Place. John Viriamu Jones, the then Principal of the College and Richard Quain, the President of General Medical Council conducted the opening ceremony of the college. Alfred W. Huges of Corris was the first elected Dean of the University. In the year 1910, 2 new departments were added to the university- the department of Pathology and the Department of Bacteriology.
In the year 2002, the idea emerged to re-merge Cardiff University with the University of Wales College of Medicine (WUCM) and it was implemented on 1st August 2004 and on 1st December 2004 the process of the merger was completed. The university received its royal charter on December 17th in the same year. Before 2005, Cardiff awarded degrees to the students at the University of Wales. After which this has been replaced by Cardiff degrees. It started admitting students for areas of medicine, dentistry and health-related programs from 2006. MBBCh in Medicine is the school’s major undergraduate program.