Mongolia is one of the nations located in the beauty of East of Asia continent having countries such as China and Russia sharing the borders of the country. This country is known as a landlocked country, it maybe is so-called because of its current land situations, between two nations. The country doesn't share its borders with Kazakhstan, although both the countries are merely separated by a distance of 37 kms. Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of the country and this city also is known to be the largest cities among all the cities of the country. The Mongolian language is the official language of this particular nation, two scripts are followed throughout the nation, named as Mongolian Cyrillic and another one is named as Mongolian Script. As of 2010, the country proves to be the residence of two Ethnic groups, again one named as Mongols and the other group is named as Kazakhs. Among these two ethnic groups, you will find Mongols to be the majority population creator, with a percentage of 96%. A handful of religions are followed throughout the country. For example Buddhism, Islamic, Shamanism, Christianity etc. Among all the religious groups present in the country, the statistical data shows that the majority of the population follows Buddhism as their religion. Also, a very different thing would catch your attention on the same note of religion about this particular nation and that is 38 percent of the citizens of this country do not follow any religion.
The Government type of this country is stated to be as Unitary Semi Presidential Republic. The Mongolian People's Republic was established in the year of 1924, to be precise, it was established at November 26th, 1924. The country lies in an area measured up to 1,566,000 sq. Km; with a water percentage of 0.67%. According to the estimate made in this year, the population of this country is about 3,278,290 with a density of 1.97/sq. km.
According to the 2019 estimates, the GDP in the PPP model is counted as a total of a 47 billion dollars.
Töröng is the official country of this country named Mongolia, denoted by the initials: MNT. Mongolia is known to be the eighteenth largest and the state which has the sovereign that is most sparsely populated, in the world. Well according to the records Kazakhstan holds the record of the largest landlocked country; Mongolia stands second at the world list for the largest landlocked countries of the world.
Talking about the land in the country, the country is home to very less arable or what you can say as fertile land, the capital city of the country named, Ulaanbaatar is the home to 45 percent of the country's total population. Another feature or fact about the country is that, the capital city of this country, named as Ulaanbaatar holds the record of being the world's coldest capital cities of countries. The majority of the population being Buddhists, most of them is nomads; the population can yet be said as a nomadic or a semi-nomadic population.
The year of 1997 holds importance for the nation, as this was the year when the nation became a member of World Trade Organization. Traveling towards the history of the nation we find, the nation in its history has been ruled by many emperors, and surprisingly for adding to the facts many of these emperors were nomads themselves. Now moving on to the climatic conditions of the country, Mongolia has been always known for a specific feature and that is its clear blue sky this has been a saying because the country witnesses a total of two hundred fifty sunny days in a year. The climate to be precise is hot in the summers, and then too cold in the winters, sometimes the average minimum temperature dropping to a low of -30°C. The capital city does get affected by these weather conditions but when compared to the whole country, the effect here in the capital city is comparatively less. Now, Mongolia is also listed as a country that generates global growth. Now in Mongolia, 80 percent of the trade and exports are covered by the mineral sector of the country. Moving forward the agriculture sector provides 30% of the livelihood for the population of the country.
Moving forward to the education sector of the country; this sector has witnessed major changes in the twentieth century, now the country's education as stated by the Ministry of education of the country that, it has collaborated with Cambridge International Education System. Talking about Primary education, the country has a state-financed system of primary education. There are a total of seven hundred primary nurseries and daycare schools for kids in the country. The primary education system includes a compulsory education for every child for the time duration of 4 years. Then this is moved on to a further higher level, which is compulsory education for the next four years which is said to be as lower secondary education. There are a total of five thousand three hundred students getting primary education in the country. As of the estimates made in the years of 2003, there are 178 colleges and universities in the country. There are approximate, 1 lakh students, in the country getting higher or adult education in the country.
Students can apply for MBBS in Institutes of Mongolia from a lot of various different nationalities. The institutes have more than 70 undergraduate schemes or programs running for the students. The institutes aim to provide just not education but education with a blend of understanding of cultural exchanges; it also provides a large number of basic specialized courses such as system anatomy, physiology, nutrition, medical genetics etc.
Also offers a handful of courses for specialization, namely; Medical Imaging, Forensic studies, Clinical Immunology, Internal medicine, Surgery, etc. Etc.
The tuition fees are about 2,000 USD. The institution of the country for medical sciences has a selective admission policy thing going on which makes it difficult for the students to get admitted here, the rates of students getting admitted to the institution of this country is at a rate ten percent to the highest possible rate of twenty percent. Due to the adoption of such a selective policy, the Mongolian university becomes one of the most selective organizations of the world. But they do state that international applicants, who are candidates from different countries from different nationalities, are welcome to fill up the application form.
The fee structure for international students varies from that of the local students by the institution, for the local students, the fee ranges from 1,000 to 2,500 USD, whereas for international students it is a range from 2,500 to 5,000 USD. The selection criteria of the Institute is based on the merit of the students, that is how the student has done in their past academic sector, the admission is slightly different and difficult here in these universities, they have a thorough checking for the students applying for their institution, and entrance the test is organized and the candidates have to pass that with passing the entrance test no candidate will be entertained further. Moreover, they will also have a check that the student's past academic record matches to their criteria of eligibility or their required standards or not. Without which there is no chance of getting admitted to the university. The academic calendar is semester type and the powers are privately owned, which means the students will have a semester type-examination procedure.
This is a foundation organization, ERASMUS works for its funding, and the Institute was established in the year of 1942, located in the capital city of the country works in the field of public higher education. Data says that 150 to 200 students graduate from this university every year. The number of students is so less just because of the presence of selective schemes that have been adopted by the Institute. It has links with many institutes that work on the medical health issues of Mongolia, and some having Tobacco Control research centers. The Institute was earlier known by the name of Mongolian State Medical Institute, the aim of this Institute is to be one of the best Institutes of the Asian continents and then working on for becoming the best of the world. The Institute is fully accredited and licensed by the government of Mongolia, Language preferences are English and Mongolian. The funding is public for this Institute; the grades provided by this Institute are bachelor's, doctors, and a master's or an equivalent degree. The Institute holds 9 divisions under it, working in different fields related to the world if medicine. The medical school works on courses as Ayurveda, Anesthesiology, Obstetrics, Acupuncture, Alternative Medicine, etc. Etc. Students are allowed of both the genders, and hence the institution is a co-ed Institute.
The academic year of the Institute is September to July, follows a semester pattern and the students have to pass the entrance test to get admission in this Institute.
The main reason for this is the selection process that the Institute has opted for is very strict, they do not entertain students who do not match their level of quality of education or past credits in the field of education. And such a scheme is provided and opted because the university states that they want to be the best. They also hold the position of being the most selective Institute of the world for adopting a difficult selection process. The maximum number of students fails to pass the entrance exam which further stops them from getting admission. So, any candidate applying for this institution should have a good past academic record with a passing certificate and also that the entrance exam passing certificate.
The students from every country are welcomed by the institution to apply for admission, so the Indian students are also eligible for applying in the university. Talking about the chances of getting admitted, that is ranging between a ten to twenty percent chances, which depends on the candidate's previous academic record, and the scores of the entrance exam that the candidates will appear for getting admission in the institution.
Institutes aim to be the best in the world, for doing so they apply a very strict selection process. So, there is no doubt in the quality of education provided there, the faculty of the institutions work for the betterment in the education of the candidates. Because without the best quality no Institute can be the best, so this requirement of the candidates is well catered.
The fee structure provides you with a variation if you are a local from Mongolia, you have a different fee structure to work on, and if you are an international then you have a different fee structure to think on and to prepare for, being a local your fee will range from a thousand U. S dollars to a maximum of two thousand five hundred U. S dollars. But then if you are an international, you got a fee structure starting from two thousand five hundred U. S dollars to a maximum of Five thousand U. S dollars, now if you are an Indian student then 2,500 USD sums up to an amount of 1, 77,500 INR and 5,000 USD sums up to an amount of an approx. of 3, 55,000 INR. That will give you a range of 1 lakh eighty thousand to four lakhs.