What is SGPA vs CGPA ? Calculate, Convert SGPA to Percentage

Team JagVimal 16 Mar 2023 10364 views


GPA computations can be either cumulative or sessional.
The cumulative grade point average, or CGPA, is the standard grade used to evaluate your overall performance over the course of an academic year. The standard grade point average, or SGPA, is used as a substitute for it. The semester grade point average, or SGPA, is calculated by adding together all of the CGPAs that were earned at the conclusion of a course of study.
The eight-semester total of all passing and failed courses is your engineering cumulative GPA (CGPA).
Whereas, to determine the sessional GPA, all successful and failed courses that were finished in a single session, or each semester, are used (SGPA). A semester's grade point average is calculated twice since there are two semesters in a school year.

Sessional Grade Point Average or Semester Grade Point Average are both abbreviations for SGPA. This aids in determining a student's final grade for the course or session. It determines the average of all the grade points the student has earned during the current semester. It is the overall grade the student receives at the conclusion of each class. This aids in tracking your development and inspires you to strengthen any areas that may be your weakest link. The SGPA is determined differently in each nation. It's crucial to monitor your SGPA so that you can identify areas for development.The SGPA is calculated as the weighted average of the grade points earned across all courses taken throughout the semester by the student.

SGPA =  Total  earned  Grade Points  for the Semester
Total Credits for the Semester


Rounding is done to two decimal places for the SGPA.

Cumulative Grade Point Average is the name of the calculation used to calculate CGPA. A widely used metric to assess a student's overall academic performance is the cumulative grade point average (CGPA). It often includes letter grades like A, B, C, D, or F. The grade points represent the average of all of the semesters' grades. Following the specified academic term, the grades are awarded. It is commonly mistaken with GPA, the Grade Point Average, which only indicates the evaluation of one term.
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), a weighted average of the grade points earned in all courses taken by the student since he or she first enrolled, is used to determine the most recent assessment of a student's overall performance since the time of his or her first registration.
CGPA is equal to (number of semesters divided by the sum of the SGPAs for all semesters in a year).
Two decimal places are added to the CGPA.

Coming on the calculation of the SGPA, we follow the below pattern:
Record all of the points you have earned for each subject.
The credit point for each topic is then multiplied by the grade you received for that subject.
Add up each score that appears.
The entire score you received should then be divided by the total number of credit points.
Your SGPA is represented by the number.

People who are interested in learning the formula for converting SGPA to percentage might click here. The formula to use to calculate the percentage is provided below:
Percentage = (SGPA - 0.75) X 10
To get the percentage, multiply (*) the SGPA by 10 and then take 7.5 off the total. You'll receive the % as a result.

The definitions we have provided for SGPA and CGPA indicate that the latter is the sum of individual SGPAs determined at the conclusion of an academic year. Finding the average grade for all topics throughout all semesters, or SGPA, is the first step in calculating your CGPA. To get your CGPA for the academic year, add up your SGPAs from each semester and divide the sum by the number of semesters or sessions.

CGPA= (SGPAs of All semesters in an academic year)/Number of semesters


Parameters  CGPA SGPA 
Time Span  The student's performance over the course of one semester is reflected in their CGPA. The term's overall average score is known as the SGPA.
Calculating Characteristics  By multiplying the overall grade score by the credit score for each subject or by the total number of credits, the cumulative grade point average (CGPA) may be determined. You may also figure it out by dividing your SGPA by the overall amount of semesters you have. Knowing the acquired credit point in each topic and how much credit is given to each one allows one to compute their SGPA. After that, multiply the obtained credits for each topic by the credit for that subject. The SGPA you earned for the full year is calculated by adding all the points, then dividing the result by the amount of all your credits.
Acceptance  Calculating grades is an accepted practice all throughout the world. International universities mostly use it to judge the performance of their students.



Several internet resources have SGPA calculators, and with some investigation, you should be able to determine your SGPA with ease. You must understand the terminologies used in the computations in order to enter the pertinent data and statistics.

All of the words that are often used and their definitions are included below:

Semester: There are several semesters throughout the academic year when a given subject is offered. Two semesters are the most typical division of an academic year.

Grade point: Grades are a reflection of both your academic performance and test performance. Every topic you study as part of your course will normally earn you grade points, which will be used to calculate your grade point average at the conclusion of each term.

Credit Points: In a nutshell, they are the metrics of your study load. Universities use it to gauge your development, and passing the course is important. Depending on how many instructional hours a subject takes up, it is given a certain number of credits. To be eligible for the final test, colleges and universities typically need you to complete a specific amount of credits.


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Our FAQ's

What is the difference between CGPA and SGPA?

The grade used to gauge your total performance over the course of an academic year is called your cumulative grade point average, or CGPA. After a period of study, the CGPAs are added to determine the semester grade point average, or SGPA.

Just sum up your cumulative SGPA for the whole academic year and divide it by the number of semesters.

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is computed by dividing the overall grade point average by the sum of the credit scores for all subjects.

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